A Stormwater Management Program was adopted by the City of Apopka in order to manage stormwater within the City. The system implements services such as designing, permitting, planning and reviewing stormwater related infrastructure. It also provides for the operation, maintenance, repair, replacement and improvement of the stormwater infrastructure consistent with the City's Comprehensive Plan.
A combination of practices are required to implement a successful stormwater program. Identifying the most common cause of pollution to our waterways is an important first step. Stormwater runoff is the major source of water pollution. Stormwater can flow over and through streets, lawns, farms, and construction and industrial sites and pick up fertilizers, pesticides, dirt, oil and grease, and many other pollutants on the way to our surface waters. Because stormwater pollution is caused by so many different activities, traditional regulatory controls will only go so far. The Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) is a federal program designed to help reduce stormwater pollutant discharges to receiving waters of the United States. Section 402 of the Clean Water Act, passed by Congress in 1972, requires all point source discharge of stormwater to be permitted according to the NPDES. The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) implements the NPDES Permit Program in Florida.
The City of Apopka operates under a Generic NPDES Permit, which requires the City to develop and implement the Stormwater Management Program with the goal of reducing the discharge of pollutants into surface waters and protect water quality. One of the items needed for compliance to the NPDES permit is to educate the City’s residents and businesses on the common causes of pollution and how to prevent them. Click here for information on how you can help keep our waterways free of pollutants.
Other elements needed for compliance to the NPDES permit include, but are not limited to:
Training City staff regarding the NPDES permit and BMPs
Adopting a Stormwater Ordinance prohibiting Illicit Discharge Article III. Stormwater Management Utility
Implementing a lakes monitoring program
Identifying major outfalls and pollutant loadings
Detecting and eliminating non-stormwater discharges to the system
Reducing pollutants in runoff from industrial, commercial, and residential areas
Controlling stormwater discharges from new development and redevelopment areas
Inspecting construction sites for proper Erosion and Sedimentation Controls
Working with other City Departments to ensure that City sites and projects are kept operating under the best management and housekeeping practices to reduce the City’s contribution to pollution
The cost of operating and maintaining the city stormwater management program and financing necessary repairs, replacements, improvements and extensions thereof, are allocated per parcel in relationship to the user impacts and services received. A Stormwater Management Utility Fee is billed annually as a non-ad valorem assessment on the Orange County Property Tax Bill, and is collected through the Orange County Tax Collectors Office.